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The difference between reading and watching TV

More reading is good for the brain, and the benefits of reading are far greater than watching videos

1. People are more likely to associate and think deeply when they are reading, and they will constantly exercise their brains to be active in the process of reading,

2. Reading in a quiet environment can exercise people’s mind, calm people’s impetuous heart, and you will find many things and shapes that are ignored by you

3, reading allows you to talk with your heart, like breathing deeply, absorbing the essence, and throwing away the dross.

Watching video is a passive way to receive information. You may not need to make any efforts, and the information will come in from your eyes and ears. You may not stop to think about what you want to see. The pace of video is often fast. When presenting concepts and characters, you often just stop on the surface, and there is no time to expand the plot and explain the background in detail. Just let the audience continue to be visually stimulated, continue to have a burst or laugh. If you don’t want to see it, just stroke it and you’ll get to the next one. Reading is more resonant. Maybe a scene or a point of view will be described by the author in hundreds or thousands of words. In these words, you can feel the picture freeze in your mind like static, so that you can appreciate it slowly.

However, some people say that watching science and education programs can also increase knowledge; If you read martial arts novels, you will be addicted to them. So, is there any scientific research to prove that these activities really have different effects on the brain?

This article is compiled from the original article entitled “how books and television affect your brain differently, recording to science” in medium. It is generally believed that reading is good but watching TV is not. If you spend a day reading, you are a cultural person. If you watch TV all day, you’re a couch potato. Just like the saying that eating too much sugar will lead to tooth decay and too much sun will lead to sunburn, people have formed the idea that “reading well can increase knowledge reserve and promote thinking; Watching TV can kill brain cells.

In 2013, there was a study at Northeastern University in Japan. A research team led by Takeuchi explored the effect of watching TV on children’s brain. The experiment, which involved 276 children, looked at the length of TV watching and its long-term effects on the brain. Takeuchi found that the more children watch TV, the more obvious the thickening of the brain is associated with high arousal and aggression. Their prefrontal lobes also thicken, leading to decreased verbal reasoning. The longer you watch TV, the lower your child’s speech test score. No matter what age, gender and family background a child is in, as long as he or she watches more TV, the negative impact on his or her speech ability will be greater.

Also in 2013, Gregory burns of Emory University and his colleagues conducted another experiment to observe the effect of reading novels on the brain. The team used fMRI scans of the brain before and after reading to determine the impact of reading on the brain. The subjects are a group of college students. They read the suspense novel Pompeii by Robert Harris. The story is set in Mount Vesuvius in Italy. It is adapted from the real story. The narrative is very vivid and the plot is very ups and downs.

After reading the novel, the connection of language in the students’ brain is strengthened. At the same time, the activity of sensory motor areas in the brain increased. This shows that, in the process of reading, the readers are empathetic with the experience of the characters in the book. Reading books also has a long-term effect on the brain: reading makes you react faster and delays cognitive decline in older people. Other studies found that the incidence rate of Alzheimer’s disease was 40% lower in elderly people who read regularly, while the incidence rate of TV was much higher than that of other people. Reading quietly for 6 minutes can reduce the stress level by 68%. The University of Sussex study found that reading is the most relaxing of all leisure activities, compared with music (61%), tea or coffee (54%) and walking (42%).

Watching TV and reading are both leisure. Why do they have different effects on the brain? Therefore, compared with watching TV, reading can relieve nervous tension, improve the ability of speech and reasoning, and make your mind clear. It is not so easy to be confused when you are old. But watching TV has the opposite effect. It can have a bad effect on the brain.

Why on earth is this? First, let’s look at another study: preschoolers and toddlers watching TV or reading books with their mothers. When children and their mothers watch TV together, there is less communication between them, and the communication effect is not good. When mothers watch educational programs with their children, they give little explanation and guidance to their children. If they say anything, it has nothing to do with the questions they ask. When children and their mothers read together, the length and quality of communication increased. Mothers will be more inclined to ask their children questions, and at the same time, they will answer their children’s questions, explain the concept, and speak more in-depth and specific. It seems that the communication between the two sides is not affected by the quality of reading and watching materials. The quality of communication seems to have more to do with the medium and form of the activity itself.

Books are different. As a medium of entertainment and learning, books are positive. Readers need to focus on what is said in the book and think about the concepts mentioned in the book. When we read, we are forced to use our imagination to fill the gap between plots.

As a medium of information transmission, books have another advantage: any description, as long as the author thinks it is appropriate, can be as long as he wants, and can have all kinds of details. TV programs usually focus on the dialogue between the characters, while books can take readers to “look around” the environment in which the story takes place and show the characters’ ideas in different situations. You can also comment on the characters.

Now that we understand the benefits of reading books, how can we integrate reading into our lives and make it more effective? If you watch TV all the time, it’s largely because of your surroundings. If people around you often talk about TV programs, you are more likely to be obsessed with watching TV yourself. The closer the remote control is, the more likely you are to turn on the TV. As long as you get into the habit of turning on the TV immediately when you go home from work, you will not run all night.

If you form the habit of reading and stay away from TV, what benefits will it bring to your personal growth?

First of all, to break the habit, you have to change your environment. If you stay in the same environment for a long time, it’s easy to repeat the old habits all the time. You can try a new environment. Once you change the environment, the old habits will be broken soon. For example, if you travel to a place you have never been before, you will soon accept the local customs and ways of doing things and develop new habits. In a completely different living environment, your original daily behavior will also be affected. I used to watch TV for five hours a day, but now I may not watch it at all. It’s not realistic to move to a new place just to break the habit of watching TV. You can choose to leave the existing environment temporarily, force yourself to accept new thinking, new habits, and act in a new way. When you return to your old environment, you can reexamine your old habits. You can also break the old habits by changing your current environment and clearly divide your work, life and entertainment areas. In this way, your efficiency will also be improved in the working environment. If you have convinced yourself, you need to develop the habit of reading. The next step is to choose a good reading bibliography to bring the greatest value to your investment. If you can choose e-books and paper books, it’s better to choose paper books. The reasons are as follows:

Paper book readers are more likely to remember the contents of books than e-book readers. The traditional form of books, in the process of the reader turning the page, can know where they have made progress, at the same time, they are more immersed in reading. E-book flipping up feel very different. The process of turning pages is also the process of absorbing information.

The background light of e-book readers may affect the secretion of hormones, thus affecting sleep. Reading paper books before going to bed may also improve the quality of sleep.

Reading on electronic devices, such as e-book readers, is associated with high levels of stress and depression. The traditional form of books, on the contrary, can make people feel relaxed.

If you don’t know when to read, try reading in the morning or at night. Personally, I often read half an hour before I go to bed. Half an hour is not long, but it’s enough for me to relax and go to sleep. In the daytime, I will carry a book with me. If I have free time, I will read it. Reading good books can help me relax and think of new ways to improve myself. If you don’t know what to read, you can refer to the online reading list to see if there is anything you are interested in. If some books remind you of the distant past, the school required must read bibliography, you can not read. Try to choose what you are interested in. As long as you start reading, you will realize the joy of personal growth that TV can’t bring.

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